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Genetics and Mutations

Journal Entry: Mon Jun 16, 2014, 3:05 AM


Design Guide HandbookBasics
Tokotas Official Import Templates
Picking a Base Coat
Eye and Skin color
Minimum White Markings
Writing the information description
Miscellaneous Information
Design Guide FAQ
Common Genes
Marked
Pangare
Accents
Breeding and Genotypes GuideTrying to figure out how tokota genotypes work can be a bit confusing, we know! To help you guys out, we've put together a guide for coats and manes so that you can better understand how genetics in the tokota world work! Other useful resources to go with this one include the Genetics and Mutations guide, and the Design Guide Handbook.
Genes and Coats
There are four different possible coat colors that a tokota can have. From most common to most rare these are tundra, tawny, brown, and black. As you may have seen before, a tokota genotype always starts with some combination of letters that looks something like this:
ee/Aa/Tt
This is actually the tokota's "code" for its base coat color! Right now, that probably seems like just a random jumble of letters, but each one means something.
The Code
In genetics, lett

Color Genetics


Tokotas have their own unique system of genetics, along with birth rights (in-born heirarchy status) and several types of unique fur styles. There are four primary base coats. Tundra (common), Tawny (Uncommon) Brown (rare) and Black (extremely rare). As tones and hues get darker, they become more rare and less commonly seen.

Tundra

(TT/Tt) ranges from very light, creamy off-white, to light flaxen color depending on parentage.

Tawny

(Aa/Tt - AA/Tt - Aa/TT) can range from burnt cream, to a milk chocolate tan depending on parentage.

Brown

(AA/Aa) ranges from tanned brown to very dark mahogany, and can be saturated to a point depending on parentage.

Black

(EE/Ee) remains within a few certain tones, and is not saturated. Black is an extremely rare occurrence, due to visibility against the tokota's native tundra environment.

When a homozygous Tundra and homozygous Brown (aa/TT and AA/tt) are bred, it will always result in a Tawny (Aa/Tt).



Genes and Passing Rates


All odds are out of 100. E/C/U/R/V are just example genes and aren't any specific gene.

Extremely Common MarkingsMarkedCollaredAccents

nE x nn = 75% pass nE
nE x nE = 50% pass nE, 50% EE
EE x nE = 25% pass nE, 75% EE
EE x nn = 85% pass nE
EE x EE = 100% pass EE
(Make-Up Remover reduces all marked odds by 10%)

Common MarkingsGrayingCreamPangareBlanketSaddleSableSealRainmarksBearmarksFlecking

nC x nn = 50% pass nC
nC x nC = 75% pass nC, 25% CC
CC x nC = 50% pass nC, 50% CC
CC x nn = 75% pass nC
CC x CC = 100% pass CC
(Saturation Shake reduces all graying odds by 10%)

Uncommon MarkingsDunPiebaldMerleDappleStarmarksPoints

nU x nn = 25% pass nU
nU x nU = 50% pass nU, 15% UU, 35% No pass
UU x nU = 75% pass nU, 25% UU
UU x nn = 50% pass nU
UU x UU = 75% pass UU, 25% nU

Rare MarkingsWolverineVitiligoBarringLacing

nR x nn = 15% pass nR
nR x nR = 25% pass nR, 10% RR, 65% no pass
RR x nR = 35% pass nR, 20% RR, 45% no pass
RR x nn = 25% pass nR
RR x RR = 50% pass nR, 35% RR, 15% no pass

Very Rare MarkingsRoanShadowmarksLilac

nV x nn = 10% pass nV
nV x nV = 15% pass nV, 5% VV, 80% no pass
VV x nV = 25% pass nV, 15% VV, 60% no pass
VV x nn = 20% pass nV
VV x VV = 50% pass nV, 25% VV, 25% no pass

Extension and Restriction Markings; Extended DunExtended Marked, Restricted PiebaldRestricted Gray, Restricted Lilac, Restricted Seal.

Everything passes at 25%
Restricted Markings can only pass on nX and no XX (Example: nPb+R)
Extended Marking can pass on both nX and XX (example: DD+D or nD+D)
Van Gogh must have piebald present, and will pass at the same rate as uncommon markings.


Aippaq's Fortune trait will increase all passing odds by 10%.




Mutations and Anomalies

Odds coming soon!

Albino

Non Hereditary, can randomly appear on a genotype. 

Bloodmark

Non Hereditary, rare. Can only appear on Tawny base coats.

Chimerism

Non Hereditary, very rare. 

Melanism

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass.

Leucism

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass.

Reversal Mutation

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass. Very rare.

Cross Mutation

Both hereditary and non-hereditary, can only appear when the base coat is black. There are three types:
Brown Cross: Ee/Aa/tt - black x brown, brown cross x black, brown cross x brown cross, brown cross x gold cross
Silver Cross: Ee/aa/Tt - black x tundra, silver cross x black, silver cross x silver cross, gold cross x silver cross
:new:Gold Cross: Ee/Aa/Tt - gold cross x black, gold cross cross x silver cross, gold cross x brown cross, brown cross x silver cross

:new: Marbled Mutation

Both hereditary and non-hereditary. Can appear between black x tawny breedings


Mauja's Draw trait affects all mutations, including Dwarfism (not included on this page).



Skin by Horsepoint and alexpeanut, paw icon by Kawiku, images by noebelle
Add a Comment:
 
:iconheavynly:
Heavynly Featured By Owner 3 days ago
i posted this elsewhere but i truly need help.

i really want a SPECIAL NEEDS tokota but many of the genos/parents and all are from last year and such. i can't really find updated types that would produce the results i want??
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Am not an admin but am a player; but I could probably help. what are you trying to say, though? I’m afraid I don’t understand very well. :0 is it a disabled toko you want?
Reply
:iconheavynly:
Heavynly Featured By Owner 2 days ago
hey! thanks for your help btw
and yes i would love a disabled toko (like blind or dwarfism or what not)!
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Dwarfism doesn’t exactly count as a disability these days!X’D

also what were you trying to say about parents/genes from last year?:0
Reply
:iconheavynly:
Heavynly Featured By Owner 2 days ago
well i wanted to get the available genes from that sheet but it seemed they were taken??
i guess i need step by step to make one cause there's tons of words and sentences about this so
its hard to follow :'D
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Ah, u mean genos? Ah that happens, ya. Do u have a discord by any chance? There’s a tokos discord chat that makes it easier for u to ask for help!:0
Reply
:iconheavynly:
Heavynly Featured By Owner 2 days ago
I do have discord!!
i think that would be easier yes! :'D
i feel that i'll be crowded tho and i honestly don't want to deal with that ; __;
i guess i'll read a bit harder??? 
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner 2 days ago  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hmm...what are your thoughts on infertile tokos? They’ll never be able to breed, but still...they’re disabled.
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconthehuskyactivist:
TheHuskyActivist Featured By Owner Apr 12, 2018  New Deviant Hobbyist Traditional Artist
can some one plz help me understand this? ee/aa/TT/CC/AA/nG/nCr/nBl/BrBr
Reply
:icondiscrete-disguise:
Discrete-Disguise Featured By Owner 6 days ago
There should be a phenotype written under your genotype that says what it means! It should sound something like "Greying cream collared tundra with accents, blanket and bearmarks"

Also, all the genotypes are written out within the marking guides found here: Design Guide Handbook
Reply
:iconthehuskyactivist:
TheHuskyActivist Featured By Owner 6 days ago  New Deviant Hobbyist Traditional Artist
OOO ok thx!
Reply
:iconseasprouting:
seasprouting Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I'm working to get this girl but I can't find any tawnies in her heritage - where might I find the right colour to make her or is it up to me?? ;0;
comments.deviantart.com/1/7240…
Riddick 28308 x Yuki 31040
2) Female, Natural Mane
Submissive - Healthy
25% DIRE
ee/Aa/Tt/MM/CC/AA
Marked collared tawny with accents
Hereditary Traits:
Caver
Reply
:iconlachtaube:
Lachtaube Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2018  Professional Digital Artist
If there are no visible tawnies in the lineage, you will need to use the Standard Tawny base coat swatches provided in the design guide: Design Guide: Base Coats
Reply
:iconseasprouting:
seasprouting Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
thank you!! <333
Reply
:iconcrazyhorselover345:
CrazyHorseLover345 Featured By Owner Edited Jan 17, 2018  Hobbyist General Artist
Does the member breeding roller not take Mauja's Draw or Nanook's Shadow into account? I spent the last several minutes just rolling possible genos. Male is reversal brown, female is black... so?

Edit: Male has both Mauja's Draw and Nanook's Shadow
Reply
:icontotemspirit:
TotemSpirit Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2018
The roller we have linked isn't a "member roller." It's the actual roller that admins use to roll breedings. It does take them into a count. If you're not seeing what you want in the litters, it's likely just bad RNG luck, I'm afraid.
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Edited Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hello! I am in the process of adopting a genotype, and i was wondering, is it possible to come across a: marked collared greying lilac black piebald with accents? I know lilac is rare... but I really like it... so :D yeah, just a question. 

And what about a curly mane?
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Student Digital Artist
yeah, i'm pretty sure there are already several of those. Lilac black is rare, but those other markings really aren't.

On a curly mane, i think their might be one or two i know of, but curly manes in generally aren't super hard to get a hold of, i have two myself
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I looked through most of the genos and couldn't find anything, lol *cries* :P
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Student Digital Artist
here is a page of them
totemspirit.deviantart.com/gal…
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks! It's much appreciated!
Reply
:icondovahcourts:
DovahCourts Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
what does ee mean?
Reply
:icondiscrete-disguise:
Discrete-Disguise Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2017
ee is the 'black' base coat. Black won't be the base coat if it's 'ee'. 'Ee' and 'EE' would show the black coat c:
Reply
:iconnasachan:
NasaChan Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Student General Artist
I'm confused oh how to read a genotype.
Can someone help me?
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Student Digital Artist
You can read through the info here:
tokotas.deviantart.com/journal…
Reply
:iconnasachan:
NasaChan Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Student General Artist
Thank you
Reply
:iconsucioperro:
SucioPerro Featured By Owner May 10, 2017
are these just the odds released to the public or have odds changed?
Reply
:iconquercifolium:
quercifolium Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
The odds are actually already in the game, this is just the public release of the numbers as a few people were asking about them.
Reply
:iconsucioperro:
SucioPerro Featured By Owner May 10, 2017
Neat
Reply
:icontheoddchild07:
TheOddChild07 Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Some of these are pretty huge changes :o
I won't be so eager to jump on dom gene slots anymore, I suppose.
Reply
:iconmajfisch:
majfisch Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Can UUxUU not pass nU? If so, getting the marking from UUxUU is actually less likely than RRxRR, where the odds of 50% nR + 35% RR equal 85 % passage (more compared to UUxUU's 75% UU). Just like UUxnU which has 100% of getting the marking.
Reply
:icontromacom:
tromacom Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
Yep I checked and the 25% would be nU
Reply
:icontromacom:
tromacom Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
I'll double check and get the other bits clarified too (it is a bit confusing to read) but I believe the other 25% would be nU
Like I said though I will double check, all the people with the numbers have disappeared right now XD
Reply
:iconmagikwolf:
magikwolf Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Professional Artist
How can roan be considered now very rare?? When I joined I was told by admin that it wasn't that hard to pass it on. This is a big jump on obtainablity.
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Student Digital Artist
Markings have always been listed by rarity in the design guide. Roam has always been considered a rarer gene
Reply
:icondovebite:
Dovebite Featured By Owner Edited May 9, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
Awesome! I've been waiting for these, lol. X3
Reply
:icontheelvenjedi:
TheElvenJedi Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Ooooo the odds percentages are very helpful, thank you! :heart:
Reply
:icongalacticpink:
galacticpink Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I have very little idea how genotypes work, so apologies but!:

I've got a lilac but I'm not sure what she is on the pass percentages. Here's her genotype: Ee/aa/tt/MM/CC/AA/nG/nL  Is she an nn or...?
Reply
:icontree-kangaroo:
tree-kangaroo Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
"nn" is when the other parent doesn't have that specific gene at all. So the percentages for your lilac, assuming you don't breed to another lilac, would be: 

nV x nn = 10% pass nV

Meaning you have a 10% chance of nL passing. c: 
Reply
:icongalacticpink:
galacticpink Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
OH! Okay I think I see how to read it now. Thanks a bunch! :D
Reply
:iconshiningstarofwinter:
Shiningstarofwinter Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
E x nn = 75% pass nE
EE x nn = 50% pass nE
Is that meant to be like that?
Reply
:icontree-kangaroo:
tree-kangaroo Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Oops! Thanks for catching! xD Should be the other way around. -goes to fix-
Reply
:iconshiningstarofwinter:
Shiningstarofwinter Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you :D
Reply
Hidden by Owner
Hidden by Commenter
:iconssommy:
sSommy Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Think this might be a mistake under Uncommon:
UU x UU = 100% pass nU
UU x UU = 75% pass UU
Reply
:icontree-kangaroo:
tree-kangaroo Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Oh, thanks for catching that! I will fix it as soon as dA stops crashing xD 
Reply
:iconssommy:
sSommy Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
XD Np lol
Reply
:iconmr-fart-sparkle:
Mr-Fart-Sparkle Featured By Owner Apr 21, 2017  Student General Artist
Does dwarfism make a toki??
Reply
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June 16, 2014
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